Unity of the Baltic States

In addition to the National committees, three joint Baltic agencies were started in the spring of 1945 that dealt with catering, supplies, housing, and health care. The camps, in which the Baltic committee operated, were left with the task of some political issues, organising cultural life was by rule a task for the international committee.

The Baltic Committee in Hochfeld camp in Augsburg was set up in July 1945. There was one chairman from each nation and one member. Augsburg camp was noteworthy because it promoted cooperation between the Baltic nations. Like one Estonian Baltic Committee chairman said: "This was a unique camp and organisation in the sense of cooperation – this was the Baltic Union, like it should be".

The most important cooperation for the Baltic countries was the Baltic University in the British zone, which operated from 1946–49 and started in Hamburg, then was later relocated to Pinneberg. The university was led by a President, Vice President, and three Principals (each nationality had their own Principal). The university had eight faculties: Philosophy and Philology, Economics and Law, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Chemistry, Agricultural Sciences, Medicine, Architecture and Civil Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. At the end of the first semester there were 1025 university students enrolled (154 of them were Estonians), and 131 faculty members (25 of which were Estonian). Together there were 2006 students enrolled in the university and 79 students graduated, seven of who were Estonian. The Baltic University offered professors and researchers great opportunities to continue research and help younger compatriots start or continue their studies. Thanks to mobilisation during the German occupation, many young people lived in the German zones, which were recruited and had to leave in the middle of their studies in their homelands.

Latvian representative in the United States of America, Dr. Alfred Bilmanis, sends gratulations of Estonia`s Independence Day to consul general of Estonia, Mr. Johannes Kaiv. February 23, 1945.
ERA.1608.2.496, page 9 (digitized, www.ra.ee/saaga)
A testimony of three representatives of Lutheran churches in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to the president of the United States of America in August 1945.
ERA.1608.2.496, pages 29–32 (digitized, www.ra.ee/saaga)
A petition of the leaders of Baltic Camp Administration in Kempten to the Militar Government of USA. August 14, 1945.
ERA.1608.2.496, pages 41–42 (digitized, www.ra.ee/saaga)
One of the biggest joint activities in cooperation of three Baltic states was a founding of the Baltic University in Hamburg – an overview about the University's idea, formation and practical needs by professor Vladas Stanka to the United Lithuanian Relief Fund in New York. January 15, 1946.
ERA.1622.2.58, lk 77–78 (digiteeritud, www.ra.ee/saaga )
The coat of arms of three Baltic states as well as emblems of eight faculties in the building of the Baltic University in Hamburg.
VEMU FK.61-18

The beginning of displacement

DP camps in Germany



Soldiers in Germany

Care for refugees

Children in DP camps

Culture and sport activities


The Church


Organization Red Cross in Germany

Youth organizations

Public holidays

The Statehood representatives – envoys in DP camps

Unity of the Baltic States

The resettlement of refugees

Audiovisual Chronicle