Care for refugees

In the territory occupied by the Allied Forces the care for refugees was initially provided by the military authorities, while the UNRRA undertook full care for the displaced persons after October 1945. The work was ensured by 450 UNRRA teams, with 13 workers each.

Civilian refugees were provided with shelter in refugee camps, a rational (though rather modest and not always of good quality) portion of food, the most necessary clothes and medical care. Additional goods were purchased for the refugees for the funds of the Latvian state that were de-blocked by the USA, the refugees also got considerable aid from the Red Cross, the central Latvian refugee organisations and from Latvians who lived in Sweden and other countries. Special attention was given to the former Latvian soldiers who very frequently had no civilian clothes at all and were in need of medical treatment and prosthetics.

The UNRRA wound up its activities on 1 July 1947. Its functions were taken over by the IRO – the 1 st session of the General Council of this organisation was convened on 13 September 1948. IRO operated until 31 January 1952.

Key functions of the UNRRA were provision of care for refugees and their repatriation, while the main task for the IRO was provision of care for refugees and their deployment in countries of origin outside Germany.

Circular on daily calorie intake for foreigners living in Heidenheim region. 15 June 1945.
LVA, 2176. f., 2v. apr., 7. l., 10. lp.
Employment terms. Esslingen DP camp. 28 June 1946.
LVA, 2176. f., 2v. apr., 3. l., 10. lp., 10. op. lp., 11.lp.
Terms on vacations and sick leaves. Esslingen DP camp. 24 July 1946.
LVA, 2176. f., 2v. apr., 3. l., 14. lp.
Meerbeck DP camp doctors, nurses and participants of nurse courses. Year 1946.
LVA, 2250. f., 2v. apr., 8. l., 1. lp., 1. op. lp.
Shoemaker workshop. Year 1948.
LVA, 2335. f., 1. apr., 402. l., 26. lp.
Clothing card for women.
LVA, 2335. f., 1. apr., 187. l., 97. lp., 97. op. lp.
Clothing card for men.
LVA, 2335. f., 1. apr., 187. l., 98. lp., 98. op. lp.
Report on food quality.
LVA, 2335. f., 1. apr., 281. l., 119. lp., LVA, 2176. f., 2v. apr., 102. l., 5. op. lp.
DP daily food ration.
LVA, 2232. f.

The beginning of displacement

DP camps in Germany



Latvian soldiers in Germany

Care for refugees

Children in DP camps

Culture and sport activities


The Church

Latvian National Committee

Latvian National Committee in Bavaria

Latvian Central Council,
Latvian Central Committee


Organization “Latvian Red Cross” in Germany

Organization “Daugavas vanagi”

Youth organizations

Latvian Central Council

Latvian National Council

Public holidays

The Statehood representatives – Latvian envoys in DP camps

Unity of the Baltic States

The dispersal of refugees

Audiovisual Chronicle