The church

The church played a major role in the spiritual care for the Latvian refugees. There were 144 Latvian priests in Germany, including Teodors Grīnbergs, the Archbishop of the Latvian Evangelic Lutheran Church (LELC), who resumed operation of the LELC General Board with the headquarters in Esslingen. The coverage was divided in North Germany Area (British Occupation Zone) and South Germany Area (American and French Occupation Zone). About 100 Lutheran congregations emerged in the places where most Latvians were concentrated.

In addition, 33 Catholic priests were also settled in Germany, with three bishops among them (Jāzeps Rancāns, Boļeslavs Sloskāns and Antonijs Urbšs). The refugees founded a few dozens of Catholic congregations, administered by the Vatican-appointed national delegate Monsignor Pēteris Laurinovičs in München.

Baptists established 18 congregations with about 35 preachers. The operation of the Association of Latvian Baptist Congregations was resumed in Esslingen under the administration of Rūdolfs Vītols.

The number of Orthodox Latvian refugees did not exceed several thousands, but they were led by the Metropolitan Augustine of the Latvian Orthodox Church and 25 priests (about half of them were of Russian ethnicity). Activity of the Synod of the Latvian Orthodox Church was resumed and 17 congregations were established. The Latvian Orthodox Church abroad restored belonging of the Latvian Orthodox Church community to the canonical jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.

Pastor R. Āboliņš. Year 1946.
LVA, 2250. f., 2v. apr., 76. l., 11. lp.
Certificate from pastor J. Zemītis. Year 1946.
LVA, 2250. f., 3v. apr., 1. l., 2. lp.
Article received by editorial team of "Nedēļas apskats" about the Orthodox church activities in exile. 30 May 1947.
LVA, 2335. f., 1. apr., 370. l., 4. lp.
Report from pastor J. Reinsons to Latvian Red Cross. 14 May 1947
LVA, 2176. f., 2v. apr., 95. l., 58. lp.
Archbishop T. Grīnbergs arrives in Kassel DP camp. 19 June 1948.
LVA, 2335. f., 1. apr., 386. l., 15. lp.
Consecration page of the monument for deceased Latvians and Estonians in Fischbach village near Nürnberg.
LVA, 2335. f., 1. apr., 372. l., 68. lp.


The beginning of displacement

DP camps in Germany



Latvian soldiers in Germany

Care for refugees

Children in DP camps

Culture and sport activities


The Church

Latvian National Committee

Latvian National Committee in Bavaria

Latvian Central Council,
Latvian Central Committee


Organization “Latvian Red Cross” in Germany

Organization “Daugavas vanagi”

Youth organizations

Latvian Central Council

Latvian National Council

Public holidays

The Statehood representatives – Latvian envoys in DP camps

Unity of the Baltic States

The dispersal of refugees

Audiovisual Chronicle